Lymphatic Vessels Can Improve Cognition Relative to Age

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Aging is often associated with increased neurological problems among humans, and more research is needed to understand how lymphatic vessels connecting the brain and the immune system affect conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. Doctor Jonathan Kipnis and researchers from the University of Virginia enhanced the lymphatic vessels of aging mice and significantly…

Observing Silver Nanoparticles in Real Time

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Silver nanoparticle systems are commonly used in medical treatments, food, and sports products for their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties; however, more research is needed to understand how such nanoparticles react in biological systems. Doctor Kristina Tschulik and researchers from Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany used a novel combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic methods…

Experimental Drugs May Reverse Skin and Hair Conditions

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Glycosphingolipids or GSLs are specific biomolecules that function within cell membranes to regulate signal transmission and cell-to-cell recognition, but more research is needed to understand their properties. For example, scientists are trying to understand the relationship between GSL consumption and phenotypes associated with an organism’s skin and hair. In a study performed…

Horses Can Integrate Senses to Detect Human Emotion

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Horses can cross-modally, or with multiple senses simultaneously, distinguish human facial expressions and recognize people with whom they are acquainted. While horses may be able to cross-modally distinguish human emotions, more research is needed to understand these animals’ cognitive abilities. Doctor Toshizaku Hasegawa and researchers from Hokkaido University in Japan conducted a…

Reducing Cancer Metastasis with Gene Target Therapy

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Cancer metastasis refers to the spread of cancer cells from an original tumor to another bodily region through a subject’s blood or lymph systems. The possibility of cancer cells entering a subject’s blood stream is mainly dependent upon the motility of cancer cells within the subject’s body. However, more research is needed…

Using Microelectrode Arrays on Soft Substances

Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Microelectrode arrays or MEAs are electrode systems that can be used to analyze electric signals among cardiac cells and neuronal cells, repair sensory abilities among human patients, and address nervous system disorders. However, most of the devices currently associated with MEAs rely on silicon or polymer substances, which make it difficult for…

The Effects of the Gut on Fruit Flies’ Lifespans

By Caleb Sooknanan ‘20 Aging and chronic diseases are often associated with effects such as metabolic and oxidative stresses, inflammation, and mitochondrial deficiencies. Scientists have suggested that changes in organisms’ gut microbiota relate to specific gut phenotypes, while probiotics can be ingested to regulate chronic disease progression in conjunction with microbiota changes. However, more research…