How Artificial Intelligence Can Help Prevent School Violence

By Marcia-Ruth Ndege ‘21 In recent years, school violence has increased at an alarming rate. In a recent study, Dr. Drew Barzman, a child forensic psychiatrist at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC), proposes the utilization of artificial intelligence (AI) as a predictor of how likely students are to perform violent acts while at school. To perform this study, Barzman and his team recruited 103 … Continue reading How Artificial Intelligence Can Help Prevent School Violence

Diagnosing Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections via CT Scans

By Fatin Chowdhury ‘19 Imaging technology has become more useful for preventing surgery and aiding in its success. Technologies such as CT (computed tomography) scans have expanded the breadth of diagnostic methodologies available to physicians. Dr. Myriam Martinez in Boston, Massachusetts, sought to pinpoint the usefulness of CT technology in allowing for necrotizing soft infections (NSTI) diagnoses. The researchers found that NSTIs could be examined … Continue reading Diagnosing Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections via CT Scans

How This Tiny Robot Plans to Change the Future of Medicine

By Marcia-Ruth Ndege ‘21 Some of the greatest discoveries in medicine have been driven by the advancement of technology. A group of scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Intelligent Systems, lead by Professor Metin Sitti, is hoping to contribute to such progress with their newly designed mili-robot. The robot is four millimeters in length, as flat as a piece of paper, and made of … Continue reading How This Tiny Robot Plans to Change the Future of Medicine

Figure 1. Researchers from Brown University developed a 3-D printable biomaterial that can form reversible crosslinks.

Controlled Degradation of 3-D Printed Biomaterials

By Meghan Bialt-DeCelie ’19 The explosion of 3-D printing technologies allows custom and precise structures to be made quickly and inexpensively. Researchers led by Thomas Valentin from Brown University utilize stereolithographic 3-D printing to create biocompatible structures that could degrade in response to chemical cues. The technique of stereolithography involves shooting photons at unpolymerized materials causing them to form crosslinks with themselves to build a … Continue reading Controlled Degradation of 3-D Printed Biomaterials

Improved Batteries in the Human Body

by Michael D’Agati   The field of bioelectronics, which produces implantable devices for sensing and therapeutics, has recently become a popular field. There is high promise in the collaboration between biology and electronics, but in order for these new innovations to work, a power source, such as implantable batteries, must be present to supply the energy needed. Currently, implantable batteries require bulky metal cases to keep … Continue reading Improved Batteries in the Human Body

The Exploration of Stone Tools

by Lillian Pao (’18) Stone tools have been around for millions of years. It is a technology that has evolved with the hominin phenotype. About three million years ago, flake-making was mastered by the African hominins, followed by handaxes 1.75 million years ago, and custom complex stone reductions by 1.6 million years ago.  Professor Mark W. Moore from the University of New England and a … Continue reading The Exploration of Stone Tools

The Many Advantages of Almonds

by Julia Newman (’19) Oilseeds are incredibly valuable in our society because they are applicable to a wide array of industries. Currently, soybeans, sunflowers, and rapeseeds are the most commonly used plants for their oils due to their high nutritional value, ability to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and large quantity of oil extracted per plant. However, it was recently discovered by Dr. Sorkheh … Continue reading The Many Advantages of Almonds

Bio-Diesel Enhances the Flow of Emulsions in Pipelines

by Jenna Mallon (’18) Emulsions, mixtures containing two immiscible liquids, are used in a variety of industries including food, paint, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and oil/gas. Emulsions play a large role in petroleum production since they exist at every stage of production, from crude oil to the refined petroleum. Issues arise when it comes to the transport of petroleum: the emulsions in the petroleum may contain solids … Continue reading Bio-Diesel Enhances the Flow of Emulsions in Pipelines

Application of Psychology in Emails Could Lead to More Effective Communication

By Lee Ann Santore ’19 In this age of technology, email is employed as a fundamental form of communication capable of creating and strengthening both casual and professional relationships. Researchers from the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, having studied 16 billion emails sent by 2 million users, were able to identify several key patterns. The results revealed that most emails are responded to within an hour, … Continue reading Application of Psychology in Emails Could Lead to More Effective Communication

Computers Can Learn Like Humans

By Cerise Carey ’16 Scientists have created an algorithm that allows computers to recognize and draw simple visual concepts, such as handwritten characters. A research group under the guidance of Dr. Brenden Lake, a Moore-Sloan Data Science Fellow at New York University, devised an algorithm that serves to shorten the time it takes for computers to “learn” new concepts and replicate types of pattern recognition … Continue reading Computers Can Learn Like Humans