Visual cues aid in perceiving accented speech

Priyanshi Patel ’22 Previous research has shown that lip reading helps understand difficult speech. However, little research has been conducted on the role of visual information in perceiving accented speech, a type of difficult speech. Communication between native and nonnative English speakers is very common, especially on university campuses. There often exists a language barrier between native students and international students or instructors or teaching … Continue reading Visual cues aid in perceiving accented speech

Literacy Training of Kindergarten Children With Pencil, Keyboard or Tablet Stylus: The Influence of the Writing Tool on Reading and Writing Performance at the Letter and Word Level

Thumyat Noe ’23 Handwriting has always been an important mode of writing, but recently type-writing on digital devices is becoming more common than handwriting.  Nowadays, children are able to write for the first time by typing on a digital device before they learn how to handwrite. Some elementary schools have implemented initial literacy training using digital devices to facilitate literacy skills in students. As literacy … Continue reading Literacy Training of Kindergarten Children With Pencil, Keyboard or Tablet Stylus: The Influence of the Writing Tool on Reading and Writing Performance at the Letter and Word Level

Psychological Effects

Ayesha Azeem ‘23 While COVID-19 has definitely affected our physical health, primarily targeting the very young, the elderly, and those with long-term illnesses, the virus has also taken a severe toll on people’s psychological health. Because of the high risk to human health and the heavy economic burden resulting from national lockdowns and unemployment across the world, the public has been severely impacted mentally by … Continue reading Psychological Effects

Pick a Card, Any Card

Wendy Wu ’22 Magicians around the world have fascinated their audiences by performing the impossible. One of their signature acts is being able to predict a card randomly chosen. Rather than magical intuition, the magician’s predictive prowess is more likely due to an understanding of human nature. Gustav Kuhn, a Reader in Psychology at Goldsmiths, University of London, sought to apply this understanding to the … Continue reading Pick a Card, Any Card

How the Mental Health of College Students in China has been Affected by COVID-19

Yukta Kulkarni ’22 The COVID-19 pandemic has taken over the world in a way that disrupts almost everyone’s previous way of life. People can no longer leave their house without wearing a mask, socialize within 6 feet of friends and family, or go to work/school. These inconveniences are minor, though, compared to those that people diagnosed with, or know someone with, COVID-19 experience. This can … Continue reading How the Mental Health of College Students in China has been Affected by COVID-19

Child anxiety disorders and symptoms closely associated with specific maternal anxiety disorders

Priyanshi Patel ’22 Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one of the most prevalent and disabling anxiety disorders with an onset age of 13 years. SAD is a chronic disorder with adverse psychiatric, social, and educational outcomes, which is why it is important to prevent it by understanding its risk factors. One known risk factor is behavioral inhibition (BI), the withdrawal from unfamiliar situations, environments, and … Continue reading Child anxiety disorders and symptoms closely associated with specific maternal anxiety disorders

The Impact of Pubertal Development on Anxiety Risk and Startle Habituation

Aditi Kaveti ‘23 As children begin pubertal development, they experience a host of changes that may contribute to feelings of anxiety, including increases in weight and height, changes in body shape, and hormonal fluctuations. In a study done in part by Felicia Jackson of the Department of Psychology at Stony Brook University, researchers examined the relationship between mean startle, startle habituation, pubertal development, behavioral inhibition … Continue reading The Impact of Pubertal Development on Anxiety Risk and Startle Habituation

Unseen Intimate Partner Violence in the Emergency Department

Gwenyth Mercep ’22 Domestic abuse incidence is pervasive and tightly correlated with a large scope of disproportionate health disparities yet is largely underrepresented in data collection. Individuals who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) access the emergency department (ED) more often compared to their counterparts and most notably for chronic and long withstanding health conditions [1]. Despite guidance urging emergency medicine (EM) physicians to screen patients … Continue reading Unseen Intimate Partner Violence in the Emergency Department

Does Reward Responsivity Moderate or Mediate Effects of Parental Depression on Offspring?

Panayiota Siskos 2023 Figure 1: Depression alters the reward responsivity, and is described as having less tendency to adjust behavior or put in effort for rewards. Depression has alterations in reward responsiveness constructs with subjective experiences of pleasure and neural activation for rewarding. Alterations may be assessed with neurophysiological measures including reward positivity event-related potential which correlates with positive emotionality in kids, behavioral, and self-report … Continue reading Does Reward Responsivity Moderate or Mediate Effects of Parental Depression on Offspring?

Psychosis from schizophrenia can lead to social isolation

Joyce Chen ‘23 As humans, we are able to distinguish between what is real and what is not. But sometimes, the lines between reality and fantasy can get blurred. Psychosis is a mental condition where an individual loses his or her sense of perception due to an impairment in thought, resulting in a loss of connection with reality. Untreated psychosis has been theorized to be … Continue reading Psychosis from schizophrenia can lead to social isolation

Can Immediate Gains in Single-Session Intervention Predict Long-Symptom Change?

Panayiota Siskos ’23 Single-session interventions (SSIs) for youth mental health problems show promise to prevent and reduce youth psychopathology and may be a good alternative to the more traditional multi-session ones that are inaccessible due to logistical and financial obstacles. However, SSIs may not be beneficial for everyone, and it is important to differentiate the needs of youths. Immediate gains, or improvements, in program-specific targets, … Continue reading Can Immediate Gains in Single-Session Intervention Predict Long-Symptom Change?

How Willing are Babies to Share Food?

Ayesha Azeem ‘23 Altruistic behavior is an intraspecies trait seen in no other species other than humans. Food altruism in particular involves giving nutritious food to needy strangers, even if one desires the food. Humans have developed customs and institutions to provide the needy with food, even when scarce and they need it themselves. Surprisingly, though altruism has been noted in humans, it is not … Continue reading How Willing are Babies to Share Food?